Redirect .htaccess tutorial

 

TUTTI GLI USI DI HTACCESS REDIRECT

 

#301 Redirects for .htaccess
 
#Reindirizzare una pagina singola
Redirect 301 /pagename.php http://www.domain.com/pagename.html
 
#Redirect di un intero sito:
Redirect 301 / http://www.domain.com/
 
#Redirect di un intero sito dentro una sottodirectory
Redirect 301 / http://www.domain.com/directory/
 
#Redirect di una cartella verso un altro sito:
Redirect 301 /tua-directory http://www.domain.com/

#Redirect di tutte le pagine con estensione .html ad usare l'estensione php

RedirectMatch 301 (.*)\.html$ http://www.domain.com$1.php

 
#Redirect vecchio sito -> nuovo sito
RewriteEngine on
RewriteBase /
RewriteRule (.*) http://www.newdomain.com/$1 [R=301,L]
 
#Redirect per avere il sito solo con  il prefisso www.
RewriteEngine on
RewriteBase /
rewritecond %{http_host} ^domain.com [nc]
rewriterule ^(.*)$ http://www.domain.com/$1 [r=301,nc]
 
#Redirect vecchio sito con sempre presente www verso nuovosito.com/directory
RewriteEngine on
RewriteBase /
RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} domain.com [NC]
RewriteRule ^(.*)$ http://www.domain.com/directory/index.html [R=301,NC]
 
#Redirect di tutte le pagine vecchio sito -> verso nuovo sito, mantiene tutti gli URL intatti.
Options +FollowSymLinks
RewriteEngine On
RewriteRule ^(.*) http://www.newdomain.com%{REQUEST_URI} [R=302,NC]
 
#Redirect di tutte le pagine vecchio-sito.com/directory  -> verso nuovo sito, mantiene tutti gli URL intatti.

Options +FollowSymLinks
RewriteEngine On
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} ^/subdirname/(.*)$
RewriteRule ^(.*) http://www.katcode.com/%1 [R=302,NC]
 

Riscrivi e reindirizza con le query:
 

Esempio:
http://www.esempio.com/index.php?id=1
Desired destination URL:
 
http://www.esempio.com/path-to-new-location/
.htaccess syntax:
 
RewriteEngine on
RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} id=1
RewriteRule ^index\.php$ /path-to-new-location/? [L,R=301]
Redirect URLs with query parameters (files placed in subdirectory)
 ---------------------
Esempio:
http://www.example.com/sub-dir/index.php?id=1
Desired destination URL:
 
http://www.example.com/path-to-new-location/
.htaccess syntax:
 
RewriteEngine on
RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} id=1
RewriteRule ^sub-dir/index\.php$ /path-to-new-location/? [L,R=301]
Redirect one clean URL to a new clean URL
 ------------------
Esempio:
 
http://www.example.com/old-page/
Desired destination URL:
http://www.example.com/new-page/
.htaccess syntax:
 
RewriteEngine On
RewriteRule ^old-page/?$ $1/new-page$2 [R=301,L]
Rewrite and redirect URLs with query parameter to directory based structure, retaining query string in URL root level
 ----------------
Esempio:
 
http://www.example.com/index.php?id=100
Desired destination URL:
 
http://www.example.com/100/
.htaccess syntax:
 
RewriteEngine On
RewriteRule ^([^/d]+)/?$ index.php?id=$1 [QSA]
Rewrite URLs with query parameter to directory based structure, retaining query string parameter in URL subdirectory
 ------------------------------
Esempio:
http://www.example.com/index.php?category=fish
Desired destination URL:
http://www.example.com/category/fish/
.htaccess syntax:
 
RewriteEngine On
RewriteRule ^/?category/([^/d]+)/?$ index.php?category=$1 [L,QSA]
Domain change – redirect all incoming request from old to new domain (retain path)
 
RewriteEngine on
RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} ^example-old\.com$ [NC]
RewriteRule ^(.*)$ http://www.example-new.com/$1 [R=301,L]
If you do not want to pass the path in the request to the new domain, change the last row to:
 
RewriteRule ^(.*)$ http://www.example-new.com/ [R=301,L]
 -------------------------------

#From blog.oldsite.com -> www.somewhere.com/blog/
retains path and query, and eliminates xtra blog path if domain is blog.oldsite.com/blog/
Options +FollowSymLinks
RewriteEngine On
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI}/ blog
RewriteRule ^(.*) http://www.somewhere.com/%{REQUEST_URI} [R=302,NC]
RewriteRule ^(.*) http://www.somewhere.com/blog/%{REQUEST_URI} [R=302,NC]

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ALTRI USI COMUNI DEL FILE .htaccess

 

 

 

Redirect di tutte le pagine: vecchio-sito -> nuovo-sito

<IfModule mod_rewrite.c>
RewriteEngine On
RewriteRule ^/(.*)$ http://www.nuovo-sito.it/$1 [R=301,L]
</IfModule>

 

 

Redirect di tutte le pagine: vecchio-sito -> nuovo-sito

compresi i sotto domini

<IfModule mod_rewrite.c>
RewriteEngine On
RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} (.*)\vecchio-sito\.it
RewriteRule ^(.*) http://www.nuovo-sito.it/$1 [R=301,L]
</IfModule>

 

Redirect di un intero sito dentro una directory ad un altro dominio:

Redirect 301 /vecchia-directory/ http://www.nuovo-sito.com/

 

 

Redirect di un dominio in una directory del dominio:

<IfModule mod_rewrite.c>
RewriteEngine On

RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} ^(www.)?tuo-sito\.com$

RewriteRule ^(/)?$ tua-directory [L]

</IfModule>

 

Detect and redirect for smartphone

RewriteBase /

RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} android|avantgo|blackberry|blazer|compal|elaine|fennec|hiptop|iemobile|ip(hone|od)|iris|kindle|lge\ |maemo|midp|mmp|opera\ m(ob|in)i|palm(\ os)?|phone|p(ixi|re)\/|plucker|pocket|psp|symbian|treo|up\.(browser|link)|vodafone|wap|windows\ (ce|phone)|xda|xiino [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^(1207|6310|6590|3gso|4thp|50[1-6]i|770s|802s|a\ wa|abac|ac(er|oo|s\-)|ai(ko|rn)|al(av|ca|co)|amoi|an(ex|ny|yw)|aptu|ar(ch|go)|as(te|us)|attw|au(di|\-m|r\ |s\ )|avan|be(ck|ll|nq)|bi(lb|rd)|bl(ac|az)|br(e|v)w|bumb|bw\-(n|u)|c55\/|capi|ccwa|cdm\-|cell|chtm|cldc|cmd\-|co(mp|nd)|craw|da(it|ll|ng)|dbte|dc\-s|devi|dica|dmob|do(c|p)o|ds(12|\-d)|el(49|ai)|em(l2|ul)|er(ic|k0)|esl8|ez([4-7]0|os|wa|ze)|fetc|fly(\-|_)|g1\ u|g560|gene|gf\-5|g\-mo|go(\.w|od)|gr(ad|un)|haie|hcit|hd\-(m|p|t)|hei\-|hi(pt|ta)|hp(\ i|ip)|hs\-c|ht(c(\-|\ |_|a|g|p|s|t)|tp)|hu(aw|tc)|i\-(20|go|ma)|i230|iac(\ |\-|\/)|ibro|idea|ig01|ikom|im1k|inno|ipaq|iris|ja(t|v)a|jbro|jemu|jigs|kddi|keji|kgt(\ |\/)|klon|kpt\ |kwc\-|kyo(c|k)|le(no|xi)|lg(\ g|\/(k|l|u)|50|54|e\-|e\/|\-[a-w])|libw|lynx|m1\-w|m3ga|m50\/|ma(te|ui|xo)|mc(01|21|ca)|m\-cr|me(di|rc|ri)|mi(o8|oa|ts)|mmef|mo(01|02|bi|de|do|t(\-|\ |o|v)|zz)|mt(50|p1|v\ )|mwbp|mywa|n10[0-2]|n20[2-3]|n30(0|2)|n50(0|2|5)|n7(0(0|1)|10)|ne((c|m)\-|on|tf|wf|wg|wt)|nok(6|i)|nzph|o2im|op(ti|wv)|oran|owg1|p800|pan(a|d|t)|pdxg|pg(13|\-([1-8]|c))|phil|pire|pl(ay|uc)|pn\-2|po(ck|rt|se)|prox|psio|pt\-g|qa\-a|qc(07|12|21|32|60|\-[2-7]|i\-)|qtek|r380|r600|raks|rim9|ro(ve|zo)|s55\/|sa(ge|ma|mm|ms|ny|va)|sc(01|h\-|oo|p\-)|sdk\/|se(c(\-|0|1)|47|mc|nd|ri)|sgh\-|shar|sie(\-|m)|sk\-0|sl(45|id)|sm(al|ar|b3|it|t5)|so(ft|ny)|sp(01|h\-|v\-|v\ )|sy(01|mb)|t2(18|50)|t6(00|10|18)|ta(gt|lk)|tcl\-|tdg\-|tel(i|m)|tim\-|t\-mo|to(pl|sh)|ts(70|m\-|m3|m5)|tx\-9|up(\.b|g1|si)|utst|v400|v750|veri|vi(rg|te)|vk(40|5[0-3]|\-v)|vm40|voda|vulc|vx(52|53|60|61|70|80|81|83|85|98)|w3c(\-|\ )|webc|whit|wi(g\ |nc|nw)|wmlb|wonu|x700|xda(\-|2|g)|yas\-|your|zeto|zte\-) [NC]
RewriteRule ^$ http://mobile.tuo-sito.com [R,L]

 

 

Detect domain and get different homepage

RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} ^www\.dominio-da-riconoscere\.it
RewriteRule ^$ /path-sito-di-destinazione/ [L]